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Engineering

Behind every major project stands an engineer, or several. Flatiron's in-house engineers have been devising innovative solutions for complex construction issues on major infrastructure projects for decades. Flatiron engineers work closely with owners to address constructability and feasibility issues before design work even begins, and again during design and construction. We specialize in value engineering, working together to find the most cost-effective, safe, and timely way to meet project challenges.

Flatiron has constructed many of North America's signature infrastructure projects, including the first suspension bridge built in 35 years, another segmental bridge that utilized the largest precast segments in the world, the continent's three longest cable-stayed bridges, the world's first stress-ribbon bridge, and many more.

Flatiron engineers develop innovative construction methods using cofferdams, trestles, floating concrete tubs, scaffold, formwork, trusses, and gantries. We lift, lower, push, and erect massive elements using a wide range of methods, equipment and materials. From complicated critical crane picks using land-based cranes and floating cofferdams to synchronous raising and lowering, cofferdams and stiff-legged derricks, Flatiron's engineers derive solutions for any complex scenario:

Flatiron's Engineering Solutions

 

Washington Bypass (North Carolina)

Challenge: A three-mile long bridge over environmentally sensitive wetlands and the Pamlico-Tar River.

Solution: Flatiron developed innovative construction methods to reduce environmental impacts using a Tilting Lead Gantry. Flatiron utilized a patented (U.S. Patent No. 7,520,014 B2) variation of the top-down construction technique to ensure minimal disturbance to the surrounding environment. This span-by-span construction method used the newly constructed permanent structure for personnel access and material deliveries.

The process consisted of self-contained gantries capable of performing all tasks associated with the bridge construction, including driving the precast piles, building the bent caps, erecting the 120-foot-long precast girders, and pouring the deck. All of these operations were performed without the use of temporary access trestles, thus significantly reducing environmental disturbances.

This method required designing and manufacturing a specialized piece of equipment-a launching gantry designed and supplied by Deal of Italy with special pile driving equipment designed by Bermingham of Canada-never before used to actually drive pile from the cantilevered end of the gantry.

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Kicking Horse Pass (British Columbia)

Challenge: A curved bridge over a very steep canyon through the Canadian Rocky Mountains.

Solution: This was the first incrementally launched bridge on a curve.

The girder launching process involved launching four main steel girders uphill from west to east using a hydraulic launch system that erects two girder pairs one span at a time until the total length has been launched. The team erected the girder pairs in a 410-foot launching bed located behind the west abutment that had been graded at 6 percent with a curve to match the profile of the bridge. The team erected each girder pair, along with all the cross frames and lateral bracing, on the launching bed. The team then launched two girders approximately 250 feet to the next pier where they rested while the next two pairs were erected and launched.

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John James Audubon Bridge (Louisiana) 

Challenge: Longest cable-stayed bridge in North America; bridge over the Mississippi River. 

Solution: Flatiron engineers developed a complex 48-point synchronous lowering system for the John James Audubon cable-stayed bridge. Because the Mississippi River is fast and deep, Flatiron chose to construct the cofferdam above the river and lowering it using a jacking system.

About 10,000 feet of hydraulic hoses were used to run the jacking system that lowered the 2,500-ton cofferdams (one each on the east and west sides) into the river. To ensure the system and process ran smoothly workers did a mock-up of the cofferdam in a nearby lay down yard.

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Note: Flatiron does not offer engineering services in North Carolina.

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